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What are the Hazards of Survival and Rescue in a Marine Environment?

Major survival hazards in a marine environment include drowning, hypothermia, which is the lowering of your core body temperature, seasickness, marine life, such as sharks, barracuda, and barnacles, and psychological factors, such as panic and fear. The marine environment itself is also hazardous, including conditions such as winds, waves, and currents.

Keep hot spots covered. These are areas of the body where heat loss occurs the most. If possible, regroup with others in the water to conserve energy and stay warm. A large group also stands out more than a single person.

A rescue requires all those involved to remain alert, and to follow all instructions from rescue personnel. Types of rescue include surface-to-surface, which is done by boat and is risky, especially in rough seas. Another type is air-to-surface, which is done by helicopter. This is the method generally used by the U.S. and other coast guards.

See our Safety Training Materials to help prevent hazardous conditions at your work site.

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