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Prepare for a Worst-Case Scenario with an Emergency Action Plan

The best way to ensure your own safety is to prepare for emergencies before they happen. This is done through initial training, site-specific orientations at each facility or vessel, an Emergency Action Plan (EAP), and drills.

An emergency action plan covers designated actions that must be taken to ensure safety during emergencies. Plans are specific to each facility or vessel. Required elements include a way to alert employees of an emergency, methods for reporting emergencies to law enforcement, the fire department, or the U.S. Coast Guard, evacuation policies and procedures, rescue and medical duties for designated workers, and a contact list for additional information.

Common methods to alert employees of an emergency include alarms, radios, by phone or public address (PA) systems. Most alarms are accompanied with a spoken descriptor, but if not, know what each alarm indicates. Reporting emergencies to authorities such as law enforcement or the U.S. Coast Guard is often done through a portable radio unit or by phone.

Evacuation policy and procedures include a workplace map or station bill, procedures for shutting down critical operations, the operation of fire suppression equipment, and a way to account for personnel after an evacuation such as a personnel manifest or muster lists.


See our Safety Training Materials to help prevent hazardous conditions at your work site.

Return to the Workplace Safety Center