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What are the Different States of Electricity?

Electricity describes a variety of phenomena that result from the presence and flow of an electric charge. Electricity can take different forms that may present hazards to workers. These include static electricity, kinetic energy, and potential energy.

Static electricity refers to the build-up of electric charge on the surface of objects. It is produced anytime liquids or solids are flowed, sprayed, agitated, rubbed, or splashed.

Kinetic energy is energy in motion, such as moving machine parts, a crane lifting a load, and electricity flowing through power lines. Since it is in motion, kinetic energy is easy to identify.

Potential energy is stored energy in a body, line, or device. Common examples include batteries, capacitors, and springs. Once potential energy is released, it becomes kinetic energy.


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