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How are Employees Protected from Electrical Hazards at Work?

Different devices, programs, and procedures protect employees from electrical hazards. Electrical safety devices include:

  • Fuses
  • Guards
  • Circuit breakers
  • Double insulated devices
  • Ground fault circuit interrupters (GFCIs)

Two common electrical safety procedures are grounding and bonding. Grounding forms a continuous connection between an electrical circuit or electrical equipment, and the earth. Bonding is joining metallic parts together to form an electrically conductive path.

The assured grounding program covers safe practices for use and inspections of all cord and plug equipment that is not part of the permanent wiring of a building or structure. It should be conducted daily, before use, and after any repairs. 

Personal protective equipment also provides shielding from electrical hazards. Common PPE worn when working with electricity include hard hats, appropriate gloves, steel toe boots, and flame-retardant clothing, or FRCs.